Gender Reassignment Surgery Turkey

What is the Female-to-male sex change surgery?

The two major sex reassignment surgery (SRS) interventions in female-to-male transsexual patients that will be addressed here are (1) the subcutaneous mastectomy (SCM), often combined with a hysterectomy/ ovariectomy; and (2) the actual genital transformation consisting of vaginectomy, reconstruction of the fixed part of the urethra (if isolated, metoidioplasty), scrotoplasty and phalloplasty. At a later stage, testicular prostheses and/or erection prostheses can be inserted.

What is the Male-to-female sex change surgery?

Vaginal construction (vaginoplasty): This surgical procedure is a multistage process during which surgeons may remove the penis (penectomy) and the testes (orchiectomy), if still present, and use tissues from the penis to construct the vagina, the clitoris (clitoroplasty) and the labia (labiaplasty).

Gender reassignment surgery (GRS) includes procedures where a person's physical appearance and possibly the function of their existing sexual characteristics are altered to resemble that of the other gender.

The patient needs to have a comprehensive medical report from Psychologist, Endocrinologist, and Gynaecologist to confirm the operation.

Doctors have to confirm that you excrete feminine/manly hormones and you are mentally and physically eligible for this surgery.
formedi gender reassignment

Sex Change Surgery Techniques

There are several techniques involved in gender reassignment surgery, each carefully selected based on the individual's unique body and desired outcomes. For male-to-female (MTF) transitions, techniques may include breast augmentation, facial feminization, and vaginoplasty. For female-to-male (FTM) transitions, procedures can involve chest masculinization, hysterectomy, and phalloplasty. Our plastic surgeons are skilled in these techniques, ensuring that each step of your journey is handled with the utmost care and professionalism.

Pros & Cons


Alignment of Physical Appearance with Gender Identity: The most significant advantage is the alignment of one's physical appearance with their internal sense of self, which can greatly enhance mental and emotional well-being.

Improved Self-Esteem: Many individuals experience a boost in self-confidence and self-esteem following the surgery.

Reduction in Gender Dysphoria: Surgery can significantly reduce feelings of discomfort or distress associated with a mismatch between one's gender identity and physical appearance.


Surgical Risks: As with any surgery, there are risks involved, including complications from anaesthesia, infection, and issues with the surgical site.

Recovery Time: The recovery period can be lengthy and may require significant time off from work or daily activities.

Emotional Challenges: The transition process can be emotionally challenging, requiring strong support systems.

How to Prepare for Gender Reassignment Surgery

Preparation for gender reassignment surgery involves several steps, including psychological evaluation, hormone therapy (if applicable), and living as your identified gender for a certain period. At formedi in Antalya, we guide you through each preparation phase, ensuring you are both physically and mentally ready for the journey ahead.

Pre-Operative and Post-Operative Information for Sex Change Surgery

Pre-Operative: Before the surgery, you'll undergo comprehensive health evaluations to ensure you're a suitable candidate. We'll discuss what to expect during and after the procedure, including potential outcomes and any necessary lifestyle adjustments.

Post-Operative: After the surgery, our care team will provide detailed instructions for care during the recovery process. This may include pain management, wound care, and information on when you can resume normal activities. Follow-up appointments are crucial to monitor your healing and progress.

Recovery and Healing Process of Gender Reassignment Surgery

Recovery times vary depending on the type and extent of surgery performed. Generally, patients can expect to take several weeks to months for initial recovery, with full healing taking up to a year. During this time, it's vital to follow all post-operative care instructions and attend all follow-up appointments. Our team at formedi is here to support you every step of the way, ensuring your recovery is as smooth and comfortable as possible.

Risks and Side Effects Sex Change Operation

While gender reassignment surgery is generally safe, risks and side effects can occur, as with any surgical procedure. These may include infection, bleeding, scarring, and dissatisfaction with the results. Hormonal treatments may also have side effects. We prioritize patient education on all potential risks and side effects, ensuring you're fully informed before making any decisions.

Gender reassignment surgery encompasses various surgical procedures tailored to the individual's needs and goals. At formedi, our approach is holistic, focusing on both the physical and emotional well-being of our patients. Our plastic surgeons in Antalya use the latest techniques to ensure the best outcomes, whether it's constructing or altering physical features to match the gender identity of the patient.

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