What causes gynecomastia?

1-)Hormonal Imbalance: Hormonal changes, such as fluctuations in estrogen and testosterone levels, can contribute to the development of gynecomastia. Imbalances in these hormones can disrupt the normal growth and development of breast tissue in males, leading to enlargement.

2-)Puberty: Gynecomastia commonly occurs during puberty due to hormonal changes that occur during this time. It is estimated that up to 70% of adolescent boys may experience some degree of gynecomastia as their bodies undergo hormonal fluctuations.

3-)Aging: As men age, their hormone levels naturally change, with a decrease in testosterone and an increase in estrogen. This hormonal shift can contribute to the development of gynecomastia later in life.

4-)Medications: Certain medications can cause or exacerbate gynecomastia as a side effect. These medications may include anabolic steroids, anti-androgens, medications used to treat prostate cancer, and some antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications.

5-)Underlying Health Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as liver disease, kidney failure, thyroid disorders, and tumors of the pituitary gland or adrenal glands, can contribute to the development of gynecomastia by affecting hormone levels or breast tissue.

6-)Lifestyle Factors: Lifestyle factors such as excessive alcohol consumption, drug use (including marijuana and heroin), and the use of certain supplements or herbal products can also contribute to gynecomastia.

7-)Genetics: Genetic factors may predispose some individuals to develop gynecomastia. A family history of the condition may increase the likelihood of its occurrence.

Treatment options for gynecomastia may vary depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. In some cases, lifestyle modifications, such as weight loss or discontinuation of medications that contribute to gynecomastia, may be sufficient to improve symptoms. However, if conservative measures are ineffective, surgical intervention may be recommended to reduce excess breast tissue and restore a more masculine chest contour.

By addressing the underlying causes of gynecomastia and tailoring treatment to meet the individual needs of each patient, plastic surgeons at formedi in Antalya, Turkey, can help individuals achieve improved self-confidence and quality of life. If you're experiencing symptoms of gynecomastia, don't hesitate to seek professional evaluation and guidance from a qualified plastic surgeon.